Many indicators are available that states could use to measure and encourage high-quality early learning, some of which would not require additional data collection. Potential early learning indicators states might consider are grouped into three categories, which represent different aspects of educational quality:

  1. Access indicators, which measure student access to learning experiences both in and out of school;
  2. Academic indicators, which measure instructional quality or student learning outcomes; and
  3. Engagement indicators, which measure school climate, environment, and/or culture.

The B-3 Indicator Toolkit dives deeply into 13 potential early learning indicators that represent all three indicator types, and focus on Pre-K to third grade. Each includes a rationale as to why and how an indicator might be valuable, selected key research and resources, potential measures, and examples of states and school districts already using these indicators in various ways.


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